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Renewable Energy Policy in Israel: Past and Present

By Naomi Lipstein and Dr. Alon Tal

The ability to harness energy has been essential to life since the start of humanity. This ability, of course, has come in many different forms and has gone through massive transformations over the centuries. In the 18th and 19th centuries, coal fired the steam engine — arguably the most vital technology of the Industrial Revolution. It was the discovery of oil that allowed the revolution to flourish even further in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, in essence altering civilization. Today, there is little we do without using some form of energy. Energy is necessary for the production of food and water. Energy moves us from place to place — be it by car, train, airplane or other modes of transport. In the form of electricity it heats and cools our homes, it provides our light, it turns our machines on and it allows for instant communication between people on opposite ends of the globe with a push of a computer button. In short, it powers life as many people in the world know it. There is increasing evidence, however, that the era of cheap, easily available energy is coming to an end; it may be time for another transformation that will harness new forms of energy to power our lives.

Most of the energy the world consumes comes from non-renewable fossil fuels. Although we can never know the precise quantity of fossil fuel reserves that remain, and although estimates of available reserves of each type vary greatly, it is clear that it has become more difficult to locate and to access previously undiscovered reserves of oil, and it is generally believed that we are nearing or already have reached “peak oil” — when the global production of crude oil peaks. As resources are depleted, extraction costs will become higher, and production will gradually decline to zero. With demand for energy projected to increase significantly, it is vital that new sources of fuel be found.

Figure 1: Israeli electricity consumption in gigawatt hours from 1990 to 2009.

The need for alternatives to fossil fuels is not merely an issue of supply and demand. The environmental problems inherent in the extraction, transport, production and disposal of fossil fuels make the push to find a safer method of generating energy an imperative. These problems include air pollution and emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that cause climate change, water pollution, acidification, damage to land surface, and damage to ground level ozone. Other concerns associated with the life cycle of energy use include, but are not limited to: oil spills and intentional oil dumping operations that pollute water; dams necessary for hydroelectric power that wreak havoc on natural ecosystems and spread disease; release of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide during coal burning that contributes to acid rain; degradation of the natural environment that occurs during oil and natural gas prospecting and drilling; extensive damage to and contamination of land from coal mining; and loss of human life when coal miners are killed in underground explosions and die from lung diseases. Other compelling reasons for the search for alternative fuel sources include the quest for energy independence and the rising price of oil. A secure and affordable supply of energy is critical for any nation, and heavy dependence upon costly foreign fuel sources could potentially threaten that supply.

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